Rotherham's Emphasized Bible

Deuteronomy 20

The priest's exhortation to encourage the people to battle.

Deuteronomy 20:1 When thou shalt go out to wage war against thine enemy, and shalt see the horses and chariots of a people more in number than thou, thou shalt not be afraid of them,—for, Yahweh thy God, is with thee, who brought thee up out of the land of Egypt. Deuteronomy 20:2 And it shall be, when ye are coming nigh unto the battle, that the priest shall approach and speak unto the people; Deuteronomy 20:3 and shall say unto them,—Hear, O Israel, ye are coming near, today, unto battle, against your enemies,—let not your heart faint, do not fear, nor start, nor quake, because of them. Deuteronomy 20:4 For, Yahweh your God, is he that is going with you,—to fight for you against your enemies, to save you.

The officers' proclamation who are to be dismissed from the war.

Deuteronomy 20:5 Then shall the officers speak unto the people, saying, Who is the man that hath built a new house, and hath not dedicated it? let him go, and return unto his house,—lest he die in the battle, and, another man, dedicate it. Deuteronomy 20:6 And who is the man that hath planted a vineyard, and hath not thrown it open? let him go, and return unto his house,—lest he die in the battle, and, another man, throw it open. Deuteronomy 20:7 And who is the man that hath betrothed a wife, and hath not taken her? let him go, and return unto his house,—lest he die in the battle, and, another man, take her. Deuteronomy 20:8 Then shall the officers further speak unto the people, and say—Who is the man that is fearful and faint-hearted? let him go, and return unto his house,—lest his brethren's heart melt as well as his heart. Deuteronomy 20:9 And it shall be, when the officers have made an end of speaking unto the people, then shall they appoint captains of hosts, at the head of the people.

How to use the cities that accept or refuse the proclamation of peace.

Deuteronomy 20:10 When thou shalt come nigh unto a city, to fight against it,—then shalt thou proclaim unto it—peace. Deuteronomy 20:11 and it shall be, if, peace, be the answer it giveth thee, and it open unto thee, then shall it be, that, all the people that are found therein, shall become thy tributaries, and shall serve thee. Deuteronomy 20:12 But, if it will not make peace with thee, but will make war with thee, then shalt thou lay siege to it; Deuteronomy 20:13 and Yahweh thy God will deliver it into thy hand,—and thou shalt smite every male thereof, with the edge of the sword; Deuteronomy 20:14 but, the women and the little ones and the cattle, and all that shall be in the city—all the spoil thereof, shalt thou take as thy prey,—so shalt thou eat the spoil of thine enemies, whom Yahweh thy God hath delivered unto thee. Deuteronomy 20:15 Thus, shalt thou do unto all the cities, that are very far away from thee,—which are not of the cities of those nations.

What cities must be devoted.

Deuteronomy 20:16 But, of the cities of these peoples, which Yahweh thy God is giving unto thee as an inheritance, shalt thou not save alive, any breathing thing. Deuteronomy 20:17 But thou shalt, devote them to destruction—the Hittites and the Amorites, the Canaanites and the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites,—as Yahweh thy God hath commanded thee: Deuteronomy 20:18 lest they teach you to do, according to all their abominations, which they have done unto their gods,—and so ye sin against Yahweh your God.

Trees of man's meat must not be destroyed in the siege.

Deuteronomy 20:19 When thou shalt besiege a city for many days, to fight against it, to take it, thou shalt not destroy the trees thereof, by wielding against them an axe, when, of them, thou mightest eat, them, therefore, shalt thou not cut down,—for, Is the tree of the field, a man, that it should enter, because of thee, into the siege? Deuteronomy 20:20 Nevertheless, the tree of which thou knowest that it is, not a tree yielding food, the same, mayest thou destroy, and cut down,—and so build up a siege-work against the city which is making war with thee, until thou hast subdued it.

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